Nanophotonics for Soft MattersChair: Kosei Ueno
"Softness" and "flexibility" are characteristic features of soft matters such as polymers and biomaterials. Nanophotonics plays an indispensable role in understanding chemical and physical processes of soft matter through high resolution and sensitivity. In this session, three invitees will present recent advancements in nanophotonics technologies. Plasmonic liquid marble is demonstrated as a substrate-less analytical platform. Two different super-resolution bioimaging technologies are realized by using nonlinear spectroscopy and photogenic semiconductor nanoparticles, respectively.
Functional Materials with Structural Flexibility and DynamicsChair: Shin-ichiro Noro
Properties of materials are inextricably linked to their structures. In advanced functional materials, reversible structure changes in response to external stimuli, such as light, heat, electric and magnetic fields, result in switchable properties utilized in a wide range of applications. In this session, we will focus on a variety of functional materials including luminescent organic semiconductors, liquid-crystalline inorganic nanoparticles, and photoresponsive chiral liquid crystals, whose optical and conductive properties are closely related to their structural flexibility and dynamics.
Visualizing the Flexibility of Bio-SystemsChair: Toshiyuki Nakagaki
Bio-systems exhibit flexible bodies and a capacity to flexibly adapt to environments. Molecular mechanisms governing flexibility represents a key issue in the life sciences. Developments in science and technology for visualizing the dynamic behavior of cells and molecules have led to major progress as Nobel prizes in chemistry were awarded to this field in 2008 and 2014. In this session, recent advances in microscopy will be presented from the viewpoint of various biological interests and deliberations will be made for future directions of research and innovation.
Allied Research in the Mathematical and Physical SciencesChair: Masaharu Nagayama
From topics in physical chemistry, to biological and social sciences, numerous advances in research have been made through the utilization of methods from the mathematical and physical sciences. Current research continues to show the power and potential of such approaches in unraveling unsolved problems throughout interdisciplinary studies. The talks in this session illustrate the inherent and powerful amiability of such theoretical techniques in illuminating answers to questions arising in ribosomal frame shifting, non-equilibrium droplet motions, and metabolic organization.
Single Biomolecules (ATI Special Session)Chair: Yoshinori Nishino
One of the ultimate goals of biology is to understand biological phenomena from the dynamic molecular level. Some proteins act as precise molecular machines, and some perform dynamic functions under thermal fluctuations. Precision and flexibility are essential to sustain life and living organisms use them properly for different tasks. Experimentally, various advanced measurement techniques are required to observe biological samples under physiological conditions at high spatial and temporal resolution with neither ensemble average nor time average. In this session, we invite two members from the Single Biomolecule Committee of Foundation Advanced Technology Institute (ATI).